Wimbarti, S. (2003). Children’s aggression in Indonesia: The effects of culture, familiar factors, peers, tv violence viewing, and temperament. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California, 2003). Dissertation Abstracts International, 63 (12-B), 6124.

Abstract: The three common socializing agents of aggression in the Western culture are the family, peers, and the media. Cultures differ in their tolerance of the expression and display of aggressive behavior. Therefore, the objective was to examine agents of aggression in the Javanese culture. The participants were 58 preschoolers (M = 63 ms) (33 boys & 25 girls). The independent variables were the family, peers’ aggression, and child temperament. The dependent variables were children’s observed aggression, and their aggressive fantasy. Parents completed the Patterns of Childrearing Interview, the Block Childrearing Attitudes Questionnaire, and were observed for three hours in their home. Children’s aggression was observed in their preschools. Mothers were interviewed about children’s TV-viewing habits. Aggressive fantasy was measured using a Story Narrative Procedure. Results showed peer aggression and child temperament were the salient agents in Javanese children’s observed aggression. Mother’s education correlated significantly with observed aggression and aggressive fantasy. There were no sex differences in observed aggression, but there were sex differences in aggressive fantasy. The results partially confirmed an ecological model of children’s aggression. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)