Wiegman, O., Kuttschreuter, M., & Baarda, B. (1992). A longitudinal study of the effects of television viewing on aggressive and prosocial behaviours. British Journal of Social Psychology, 31 (2), 147-164.

Abstract:  Investigated the extent to which 466 2nd-grade and 4th-grade Netherlands children’s exposure to aggressive and prosocial TV models in drama programs influenced their aggressive and prosocial behavior. Every May for 3 yrs, Ss were questioned to assess their aggressive behavior, prosocial behavior, TV violence viewing, prosocial behavior viewing, viewing frequency, identification with TV characters, perceived reality, fantasy behavior, and intelligence. Positive correlations were found between aggression and TV violence viewing. This relationship disappeared almost completely when corrections for the starting level of aggression and intelligence were applied. The hypothesis, formulated on social learning theory, that TV violence viewing leads to aggressive behavior could not be supported. Findings are compared with results found in other countries participating in this study. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)