Wann, D.L., & Ensor, C.L. (2001). Family motivation and a more accurate classification of preferences for aggressive sports. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 92 (2), 603-605.

Abstract: In previous research there were no significant differences in family motivation between individuals with a preference for aggressive sports and those with a preference for nonaggressive sports. The current study replicated the past research with a more valid method of classifying participants into the sport-preference groups. 82 college students completed the Family Motivation Subscale of the Sport Fan Motivation Scale and listed their 5 favorite sports. As predicted, correlations indicated no significant relationships between preferences for aggressive sports and strength of family motivation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)