Wanamaker, C. E., & Reznikoff, M. (1989). Effects of aggressive and nonaggressive rock songs on projective and structured tests. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 123 (6), 561-570.
Abstract: Studied the differences between hostility scores on projective and objective tests as a function of listening to aggressive or nonaggressive rock music by 90 undergraduates. While taking the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and the Buss-Durkee Hostility-Guilt Inventory, Ss randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups listened to a rock song with (a) nonaggressive music and nonaggressive lyrics, (b) aggressive music and nonaggressive lyrics, or (c) aggressive music and aggressive lyrics. TAT stories were scored for aggressive content. Hostility scores did not differ between groups. Results support the hypothesis that many teenagers do not attend to rock music lyrics and that lyrics do not affect aggression. Previous findings (e.g., R. McFarland [see PA, Vol 72:3121]) that music affects the emotional quality of TAT stories and hostility scores on the Buss-Durkee scale were not supported. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)