Valkenburg, P.M., Cantor, J., & Peeters, A.L. (2000). Fright reactions to television: A child survey. Communication Research, 27 (1), 82-97.

Abstract: Using telephone interviews with a random sample of 314 Dutch children between the ages of 7 and 12 years, the authors investigated (a) the prevalence of TV-induced fright, (b) whether the fear-inducing capacity of different types of TV content (interpersonal violence, fantasy characters, war and suffering, and fires and accidents) is associated with the child’s age and gender, and (c) how boys and girls in different age groups cope with their TV-induced fears. Ss were given open-ended questions about TV fright, the TV-induced fright scales, and questions dealing with the frequency with which they used various coping strategies to reduce fear from TV. 31% of the children reported having been frightened by television during the preceding year. Both children’s TV-induced fears and their coping strategies to reduce such fears varied by age and gender. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)