Thomas, K. D., & Levant, R. F. (2012). Does the Endorsement of Traditional Masculinity Ideology Moderate the Relationship Between Exposure to Violent Video Games and Aggression?. The Journal Of Men’s Studies, 20(1), 47-56. 

Previous research has found a link between exposure to violent video games and aggression. The current study investigated whether the endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology moderates this relationship in college men. The sample, 168 men, filled out a demographic questionnaire, the Male Role Norms Inventory-Revised, an adaptation of the Exposure to Violent Videogames Measure, and the Aggression Questionnaire. Exposure to violent video games was, as expected, correlated with aggression. Endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology was also correlated with aggression. The endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology was found to moderate the relationship between exposure to violent video games and aggression. High endorsement increased the positive linear relationship between exposure and aggression, whereas low endorsement removed this relationship. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)