Squires, C., Kohn-Wood, L., Chavous, T., & Carter, P. (2006, December). Evaluating Agency and Responsibility in Gendered Violence: African American Youth Talk About Violence and Hip Hop. Sex Roles, 55(11), 725-737. Retrieved July 6, 2009, doi:10.1007/s11199-006-9127-7

The results of this study provide insights into the ways that African American adolescents think about gendered interpersonal violence. African American high school students were invited to discuss images and incidents from contemporary urban music culture (events based on incidents with famous hip hop figures and lyrics from rap music) in a focus group format. We explored how African American youth perceived and responded to examples of gendered violence portrayed in vignettes and musical lyrics. The main analyses focus on the question of how youths’ perceptions of hip hop images, hypothetical stories, and lyrics were linked to their views of “normative” gender interactions and interpersonal relationships for their racial group. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)(from the journal abstract)