Sparks, G. G., & Ogles, R. M. (1990). The difference between fear of victimization and the probability of being victimized: Implications for cultivation. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 34 (3), 351-358.

Abstract:  In order to understand media cultivation processes, 101 respondents to telephone interviews were surveyed on TV viewing, estimates of likelihood of criminal victimization, and fear of victimization. Correlations between fear of violence and traditional measures of media cultivation support the contention that there is a conceptual distinction between items that measure fear of crime and items that measure probability of victimization. Findings suggest that the results of cultivation analyses might differ considerably by dependent variable. The relationship between TV viewing and fear of violence appears to be modest. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)