Smith, S.L., & Boyson, A.R. (2002). Violence in music videos: Examining the prevalence and context of physical aggression. Journal of Communication, 52 (1), 61-83.

Abstract: Examined the prevalence of violence in music videos. 1,962 music videos available on US television during the period 1996-1997 were assessed concerning the amount and context of physical aggression according to: (1) genre, that is, adult contemporary, heavy metal, rap, rhythm and blues, and rock; and (2) specific music video channel, namely, Black Entertainment Television (BET), Music Video Television (MTV), and Video Hits-One (VH-1). Results show that the amount of violence in music videos was quite low. 15% of music videos featured violence; most of that aggression was sanitized, not chastised, and presented in realistic contexts. Significant differences emerged in the prevalence and nature of violence by channel and genre, however. BET and MTV were more likely to feature videos having violence than was VH-1. BET and MTV were also more likely to present aggressive acts. The violence in music videos on BET was presented in such a way that it might contribute to the learning of aggression. BET was also more likely to feature Black perpetrators of violence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)