Sheehan, P. W. (1983). Age trends and the correlates of children’s television viewing. Australian Journal of Psychology, 35 (3), 417-431.

Abstract:  Tested 106 children in Grades 1-3 and 120 children in Grades 3-5 in an overlapping longitudinal design that examined children’s TV viewing and its correlates during 3 successive years. The study was part of a cross-cultural investigation of TV viewing and its effects in 6 countries. Measures were taken of sex-typed behavior, fantasy activity, judged realism, identification with TV characters, and peer-rated aggression in multiple testing sessions conducted by a team of trained investigators. Age trends were reported for the 2 groups, and data were examined especially for the relationships found between violence viewing and intensity of TV viewing and aggressive behavior. Results indicate consistent sex differences among the variables being investigated, especially for the older cohort. Significant relationships were observed between the 2 TV-viewing variables and aggressive behavior, especially for males. There was no indication, however, that the connection over time was causally linked. (26 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)