Rubin, A. M., West, D. V., & Mitchell, W. S. (2001). Differences in aggression, attitudes toward women, and distrust as reflected in popular music preferences. Media Psychology, 3 (1), 25-42.

Abstract: This article examines the complex relationship between dispositions, popular music preferences, and attitudes. In accordance with selective exposure and excitation-transfer theories, it was expected that anger and self-esteem dispositions would influence popular-music preferences and attitudinal differences. Using a sample of 243 college-age persons, this study examined hypotheses and research questions seeking to link music preferences and listening frequency with 3 attitudes: aggression, attitudes toward women, and trust/distrust. Anger and self-esteem were treated as covariates. Multivariate analysis of covariance showed significant attitudinal differences among those who preferred different music genres. As compared with most other genres, heavy-metal music listeners exhibited more aggression and lesser regard for women, and rap listeners showed more aggression and distrust. Implications of these findings were discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)