Riddle, K., Eyal, K., Mahood, C., & Potter, W. (2006, June). Judging the Degree of Violence in Media Portrayals: A Cross-Genre Comparison. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 50(2), 270-286. Retrieved July 7, 2009, doi:10.1207/s15506878jobem5002_6

This study tests the relative importance of different factors of television narratives in how they influence people’s judgments of how violent those narratives are. After watching 7 of 3 videotapes of a violent narrative, 99 college students answered a series of questions about their interpretations of the violence. It was found that participants’ judgments about the degree of violence in the narratives were more strongly associated with their perceptions of the graphicness of the violent acts and the harm to the victims than with other factors such as the number of violent acts or the seriousness of those acts. Thus, people’s judgments of the degree of violence in television programs differs from researchers’ conceptualization. Implications of these differences are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)(from the journal abstract)