Reitzel-Jaffe, D. D. (1999). Predicting relationship abuse: A structural equation model analysis of a social learning explanation. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Western Ontario, 1999), Dissertation Abstracts International, 59 (7-B), 3711.

Abstract:  A structural equation model (SEM) analysis of a social learning explanation of young men’s relationship violence was investigated in the present study. Men living in residence (N=585) in a large South Western Ontario university completed a questionnaire pertaining to the history of violence in their family of origin, their exposure to violent media (television, movies and videogames) their attitudes regarding gender roles and the use of interpersonal violence, the healthy and abusive relationship behaviours of their close friends, and their own use of coercion and violence in relationships. The SEM analysis supported a social learning explanation of men’s violence for this sample. It was found that violence in one’s family of origin (observation of spousal abuse and/or experiences of child abuse) was associated with negative beliefs pertaining to gender and the acceptance of interpersonal violence. This in turn was associated with having friends who subjects reported as being abusive in their relationships. Having abusive friends was associated with the subjects’ own levels of violence in their relationships. Family of origin violence was also found to have a direct but small effect on the levels of violence in subjects’ own relationships. As well, subjects’ negative beliefs regarding gender and interpersonal violence were found to have a direct effect on subjects’ use of violence in their relationships. Implications of the study for intervention planning and future research are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)