Rawlings, D. (2000). The interaction of openness to experience and schizotypy in predicting preference for abstract and violent paintings. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 18 (1), 69-91.

Abstract: Examined the relationship between schizotypy and aesthetic preferences. In Exp 1, 48 undergraduate psychology students (mean age 20.27 yrs) completed an abbreviated version of the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O. Mason et al, 1995) (O-Life) and the Barron-Welsh Art Scale (G. S. Welsh, 1987). They also rated their liking of 62 paintings categorized as violent, erotic, religious, complex, simple, structured, photographic, abstract, and realistic. Results show a correlation between the schizotypy measure of Impulsive Nonconformity and preference for paintings in the violent category. In Exp 2, 62 students (mean age 20.39 yrs) completed the O-Life and subscales of the NEO-Personality Inventory–Revised (P. T. Costa and R. R. McCrae, 1994), then rated paintings. Results show that openness was associated with liking for abstract over realistic paintings. After controlling for openness, preference for violent, abstract paintings was positively associated with schizotypy measures of unusual experiences and impulsive nonconformity and negatively associated with introvertive anhedonia. Preference for erotic, abstract paintings was also associated negatively with introvertive anhedonia. Findings suggest that aesthetic context leads to a dissociation of negatively emotional information. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)