Przemieniecki, C. (2005, December). Gang Behavior and Movies: Do Hollywood Gang Films Influence Violent Gang Behavior?. Journal of Gang Research, 12(2), 41-71. Retrieved July 13, 2009, from PsycINFO database.


While there have been numerous studies on gangs, most research has avoided the complexity of asking and answering the question involving possible influences that the media might have on gang behavior, more specifically Hollywood’s gang-related films. The main purpose of this paper is to either offer a plausible explanation for the influences that gang films have on gang-related behaviors such as gang wars, lifestyles, violence, and criminal activities; or suggest that these aspects of gang life are simply a reflection of reality portrayed in Hollywood’s gang-related films. Data collections for this qualitative descriptive analysis consisted of interviews with law enforcement officials, current and former gang members, and newspaper reports of gang violence relating to gang films. The interviews provided valuable insight on what is being learned in gang-related films and what is currently happening on the street. The theoretical explanations used to explain this association between gang behavior and the viewing of gang films include social learning, differential association, and instigation theory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)(from the journal abstract)