Pfefferbaum, B. (2001). The impact of the Oklahoma City bombing on children in the community. Military Medicine, 166 (12, Suppl 2), 49-50.

Abstract: This study examined the influence of exposure on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in children following the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. Over 2,000 middle school students were surveyed 7 wks after the bombing. Initial reaction and emotional exposure were important predictors of PTSD symptomatology in the full sample. Children/adolescents who reported no physical or emotional exposure had significantly lower scores than exposed children on television viewing, initial reaction, and PTSD symptomatology. Within the nonexposed group, those with high television exposure had significantly more PTSD symptoms. Children and adolescents with strong initial reactions should be followed over time, and disaster-related television viewing should be carefully monitored. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)