Nolan, J.M., & Ryan, G.W. (2000). Fear and loathing at the Cineplex: Gender differences in descriptions and perceptions of slasher films. Sex Roles, 42 (1), 39-56.

Abstract:  Investigated gender-specific descriptions and perceptions of slasher films. 60 Euro-American university students (30 males and 30 females) were asked to recount in a written survey the details of the most memorable slasher film they remember watching and describe the emotional reactions evoked by that film. A text analysis approach was used to examine and interpret informant responses. Males recall a high percentage of descriptive images associated with what is called rural terror, a concept tied to fear of strangers and rural landscapes, whereas females display a greater fear of family terror, which includes themes of betrayed intimacy, stalkings, and spiritual possession. It is found that females report a higher level and a greater number of fear reactions than males, who report more anger and frustration responses. Gender-specific fears as personalized through slasher film recall are discussed with relation to socialization practices and power control theory. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)