Nathanson, A.I., & Yang, M.S. (2003). The effects of mediation content and form on children’s responses to violent television. Human Communication Research, 29 (1), 111-134.

Abstract:  This research explores the role of mediation content and its grammatical structure in children’s responses to a violent television program. An experiment was conducted with 103 children ranging in age from 5-12 yrs old. Mediation strategies that emphasized the program as either factually inaccurate or socially unrealistic were developed. This information was communicated to children either directly (in statement form) or by asking children to consider the program’s reality status. Mediation was considered successful if it produced a negative orientation toward the program content. The results revealed that the utility of various approaches to mediation depend on the age and viewing history of the child. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)