Morojele, N., & Brook, J. (2006, July). Substance use and multiple victimisation among adolescents in South Africa. Addictive Behaviors, 31(7), 1163-1176. Retrieved July 6, 2009, doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.09.009


The aims of the study were to examine the relationship between multiple victimisation and drug use, and the role of drug use and other intra-personal, peer, parental and environmental factors in predicting multiple victimisation among adolescents in South Africa. A cross-sectional design was employed. The participants comprised 1474 male and female adolescents aged between 12 and 17 years, from Durban and Cape Town. They completed questionnaire measures assessing demographic characteristics; self, peer and parental drug use; self and peer delinquency; parental child-centredness and rules; and community drug availability and exposure to violence on television. A measure of multiple victimisation assessed whether or not the respondents had experienced two or more different types of violence in their lifetime. There was a significant association between frequency of tobacco, alcohol and marijuana use and multiple victimisation. Significant predictors of multiple victimisation in multiple logistic regression analyses were variables within intra-personal, peer, parental and environmental domains. Victimisation prevention programmes in South Africa should be comprehensive and target adolescents’ drug use as well as their other psychosocial risk factors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)(from the journal abstract)