Mcleod, D.M., Detenber, B.H., & Eveland, W. P. Jr. (2001). Behind the third-person effect: Differentiating perceptual processes for self and other. Journal of Communication, 51 (4), 678-695.
Abstract: Examined factors affecting perceptions of media effects on self and others. 359 university students listened to the song lyrics of violent rap, misogynic rap, violent death metal, and misogynic death metal music, then rated lyrics on a scale from very antisocial to very prosocial values. As well, Ss reported attitudes concerning the impact of the lyrics on self and other groups, attitudes toward censoring songs with such lyrics, frequency of listening to such music by self and other groups, perceived common sense of self and people from other groups, and paternalistic orientations. Results show that increased perception of antisocial lyrics was related to a decreased perception that the lyrics affected themselves. Ss who reported that they listened to similar lyrics were less likely to support censorship. Females, those who reported conservative and paternalistic attitudes, those who perceived greater impact of media on themselves, and those who perceived lyrics to be antisocial were most likely to support censorship. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)