McHan, E. J. (1985). Imitation of aggression by Lebanese children. Journal of Social Psychology, 125 (5), 613-617.

Abstract:  Studied the imitative behaviors of 32 5- and 6-yr-old Arab boys who had been exposed to a protracted conflict situation in Beirut, Lebanon. Ss were randomly assigned to treatment conditions. Half the Ss were highly aroused by rapidly performing physical exercises, and the other half was less aroused by short and slow exercises; half of each arousal group viewed either an aggressive or nonaggressive film. Following the film, the Ss engaged in free play, and measures of imitative behavior, aggressive behavior, attention to the film, pulse rate, and memory for film behaviors were obtained. Findings show that the manipulation of physiological arousal produced no significant effects, but the aggressive film condition enhanced both total aggressive behaviors and novel aggressive behaviors. It is suggested that models who exhibit aggressive behavior to children exposed to an environment steeped in changing and unpredictable violence may function as powerful arousal stimuli in addition to the modeling effect. (9 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)