Liu, X. J., Su, L. Y., & He, B. (2001). Intelligence, personality, and behavior problems of children with video games dependence. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 9 (4), 268-270.

Abstract:  Studied the intelligence, personality, and behavior of children with video games dependence. 36 4th-8th graders (aged 8-15 yrs) with video games dependence and 36 normals (aged 9-15 yrs) selected by using a questionnaire referring to children’s video games interest in Changsha, China, were assessed with the Chinese version of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), the EPQ, and the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist. Data were analyzed with t test and chi-square test between groups. The results show that Ss with video games dependence had higher scores on full score IQ and performance IQ of the WISC-C and a higher P score of the EPQ than normals; and that compared with normals, Ss with video games dependence also show more behavior problems, such as withdrawal, anxiety, depression, lack of sociability, lack of discipline, and aggression. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)