Kiewitz, C., Weaver, J.B. (2001). Trait aggressiveness, media violence, and perceptions of interpersonal conflict. Personality and Individual Difference, 31 (6), 821-835.

Abstract:  Explored the short-term impact of exposure to violent mass media content while accounting for personality (i.e. trait-aggression) and situational factors (e.g. responsibility for actions). Following exposure to either a violent or nonviolent movie, 268 participants reported their perceptions of violent interpersonal incidents described in four written scenarios. The findings reveal that respondents’ aggressive dispositions and sex mediated the impact of media violence on subsequent perceptions of violent, interpersonal conflicts. Specifically, high trait-aggressive individuals generally displayed more callous and hostile tendencies in their perceptions of interpersonal conflicts than low trait-aggressive individuals. Moreover, high trait-aggressive males were found to be most extreme in reporting aggressive thoughts and actions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)