Josephson, W. (1987). Television violence and children’s aggression: Testing the priming, social script, and disinhibition predictions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53 (5), 882-890.

Abstract:  The effect of television violence on boys’ aggression was investigated with consideration of teacher-rated characteristic aggressiveness, timing of frustration, and violence-related cues 396) watched violent or nonviolent TV = as moderators. Boys in Grades 2 and 3 (N in groups of 6, and half the groups were later exposed to a cue associated with the violent TV program. They were frustrated either before or after TV viewing. Aggression was measured by naturalistic observation during a game of floor hockey. Groups containing more characteristically high-aggressive boys showed higher aggression following violent TV plus the cue than following violent TV alone, which in turn produced more aggression than did the nonviolent TV condition. There was evidence that both the violent content and the cue may have suppressed aggression among groups composed primarily of boys low in characteristic aggressiveness. Results were interpreted in terms of current information-processing theories of media effects on aggression. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)