Johnson, J. D., Trawalter, S., & Davidio, J. F. (2000). Converging interracial consequences of exposure to violent rap music on stereotypical attributions of blacks. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36 (3), 233-251.
Abstract: Explored how media, specifically violent rap music, may influence Blacks’ and Whites’ attribution of Blacks through stereotype priming. Ss consisted of 52 female and 38 male undergraduate Whites, and 50 female and 40 male undergraduate Blacks. When compared to controls and Ss exposed to nonviolent Black musicians, those exposed to violent Black musicians reported attributions of a target Black male’s violent behavior that was particularly dispositional relative to attributions of a White male’s violent behavior or to any other condition. The findings also indicated that the impact of exposure to violent rap music generalized to judgments involving other stereotype-related traits (i.e., intelligence) but not to judgments of nonstereotypical traits (i.e., spatial skills). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)