Hastings, T. L., & Kelley, M. L. (1997). Development and validation of the screen for adolescent violence exposure (SAVE). Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25 (6), 511-520.

Abstract:  Empirical evidence is provided on the utility of the SAVE in assessing adolescent exposure to school, home, and community violence. In 3 studies, the SAVE was empirically developed on 11-19 yr old inner-city adolescents, and obtained excellent reliability and validity. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses identified 3 factors: Traumatic Violence, Indirect Violence, and Physical Verbal Abuse. The SAVE demonstrated utility in classifying high- and low-violence participants, and correlated significantly with both objective crime data and theoretically relevant constructs (anger, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and internalizing/externalizing problems). Thus, the SAVE provides measurement of the stressor criterion associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and allows quantification of severity of violence exposure by setting. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)