Gunter, B., Charlton, T., Coles, D., & Panting, C. (2000). The impact of television on children’s antisocial behavior in a novice television community. Child Study Journal, 30 (2), 65-90.
Abstract: Examined the impact of television (TV) on children’s antisocial behavior in a novice TV community. Specifically, 23 boys and 24 girls on St. Helena island were surveyed on 2 occasions, in 1993 at age 3-4 yrs and again in 1998 at age 7-8 yrs, before and after the introduction of broadcast TV in 1995. Pre-TV measures of antisocial behavior (ASB) were provided by teachers using the Pre-school Behavior Checklist and post-TV ASB was measured using the Rutter Behavior Questionnaire. During the 2nd assessment, the Ss also provided viewing data via a 3-day TV diary. During the same 3 days, the content of all broadcast TV output was analyzed for the appearance of violence in programs. The TV content analysis data were merged with Ss’ TV viewing data to yield measures of exposure to TV violence. 26 out of the 47 Ss are reported to have watched TV during the 3-day period. Of those Ss, an average of 3 hrs and 10 min of TV was watched. During that time an average of 95 (7.28 min) violent acts (VA) occurred. Boys appear to have watched more VA than girls. The results also suggest that viewers did not differ significantly from non-viewers at either assessment. However, boys display more ASB than girls at assessment 2. These findings suggest that TV viewing is not correlated to post-TV ASB. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)