Gentile, D. A., & Walsh, D. A. (2002). A normative study of family media habits. Applied Developmental Psychology, 23 (2), 157-178.

Abstract:  Investigated family media habits in 6 areas: electronic and print media use, parental monitoring of children’s media, parental consistency regarding rules for children’s media use, parents’ reports of observable media effects on their children, parents’ knowledge about media and media effects, and how much children participate in alternative activities to electronic media. A random national sample of 527 parents of 2-17-yr-olds were surveyed. Normative descriptive statistics in each of the 6 categories are provided. The results show that families’ scores in 5 of the 6 categories are positively correlated, indicating that families that practice positive media habits in 1 area tend to practice positive habits in other areas. Many family media habits predict children’s school performance. Furthermore, having TVs in children’s bedrooms is correlated with lower scores in all 6 areas, as well as with lower school performance. This study provides a normative baseline for future research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)