Funk, J.B., Hagan, J., Schimming, J., Bullock, W.A., Buchman, D.D., & Myers, M. (2002). Aggression and psychopathology in adolescents with a preference for violent electronic games. Aggressive Behavior, 28 (2), 134-144.

Abstract:  Examined associations between a preference for violent electronic games and adolescents’ self-perceptions of problem behaviors and emotions. It was predicted that a preference for violent games would be associated with negative externalizing characteristics, in particular aggressive emotions and behaviors, on the Youth Self-Report (YSR). 32 adolescents (aged 11-15 yrs) listed and categorized favorite electronic games Results show significant relationships between a preference for violent games and the Thought Problems subscale and YSR Total Score, with trends noted for the Internalizing and Anxious-Depressed subscales. Expected relationships with externalizing behaviors, including aggression, were not found. However, across all YSR subscales, children with higher preference for violent games had more clinically significant elevations than those with low preference for violent games. Possible explanations for the failure to find the expected relationships between a preference for violent games and aggressive, externalizing behaviors are addressed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)