Fernquist, R.M. (2000). An aggregate analysis of professional sports, suicide, and homicide rates: 30 U.S. metropolitan areas, 1971-1990. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 5 (4), 329-341.

Abstract:  Research on fan behavior in the sociology of sport has discussed the issue of fan behavior at or shortly after the sporting event in detail. Less prevalent in the sociology of sport literature, however, are how successes and failures of sports teams are related to the general public. In this article, suicide and homicide rates are compared to the successes and failures of professional sports teams in 30 metropolitan areas from 1971 to 1990. Using H. Gabennesch’s theory of broken promises (see record 1989-19286-001) as a theoretical framework, statistical analyses reveal that making the playoffs is significantly related to a decline in suicide and homicide rates, while winning championships is significantly related to a decline only for suicide rates. Explanations for these associations are offered. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)