Ferguson, C., Cruz, A., Martinez, D., Rueda, S., Ferguson, D., & Negy, C. (2008). Personality, parental, and media influences on aggressive personality and violent crime in young adults. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 17(4), 395-414. Retrieved June 24, 2009, doi:10.1080/10926770802471522

Debate remains regarding the interaction between predictor variables for aggression, including family environment, media violence, and personality. The current study examined the contributions of gender and personality, exposure to physical abuse and violence in the family, and exposure to media violence in both television and in video games on violent criminal activity. Data from young adults (n = 355) indicated that personality characteristics and direct physical abuse significantly predicted violent crime. Exposure to television and video game violence were not significant predictors of violent crime. These results elucidate the complex interplay between multiple factors related to the etiology of violent crime. These results also call into question the belief that media violence is involved in the etiology of violent crime. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)(from the journal abstract)