Feng, Y.G., Yan, X.Y., Guo, X.S., Wang, C.H., Li, Z.Q., & An, B.F. (2003). Behavior problem and family environment of children with video game dependence. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 17 (6), 367-368.

Abstract:  Studied mental health, behavior problem, and family environment of children with video game dependence. 34 children with video game dependence (aged 8-15 yrs) (study group) and 34 normal children (control group) were assessed with the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ, children version), the Achenbach Children’s Behavior Checklist (CBCL, for parents), and the Family Environment Scale (FES). The P and L scores of the EPQ of the study group were higher than those of the control group. The scores of social status, school status, withdrawal, anxiety/depression, social problems, delinquent problems, aggressive behavior, introverted or extroverted behavior problems, and the total score of the CBCL were higher in the study group. The scores of intimacy, emotional expression, entertainment, action-reaction orientation, organization, and control of the FES in the study group were lower than the scores in the control group; however, the score of family conflicts of the study group was higher than the score of the control group. The study concludes that children with video game dependence have more mental and behavior problems. Those problems are associated with their poor family environment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)