Comstock, G., & Powers, J. (2012). Paths from television violence to aggression: Reinterpreting the evidence. In L. J. Shrum (Ed.) , The psychology of entertainment media: Blurring the lines between entertainment and persuasion, 2nd ed (pp. 305-328). New York, NY US: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
(from the book) (This is a revised version of the chapter as it originally appeared in Comstock, G., 2004.) (The abstract of the original article appeared in record 2003-88226-001.) Comstock and Powers conclude the volume with a thorough review of the research on the link between exposure to television violence and aggression. In doing so, however, they make several important departures from most reviews of this type. First, they discuss a number of meta-analyses, including some of their own, that clearly show a positive correlation between media exposure (television, movies) and aggression or antisocial behavior. They address issues of causal direction, and suggest that the case for television viewing being the causal factor is quite strong, given that both correlational and experimental research yield very similar results. Comstock and Powers also make one additional point that is important. They argue that, from their analysis of past research, dispositions such as attitudes, norms, and values are not a necessary link between exposure to television violence and aggression. Although the link has been found in a number of studies, it is also the case that direct relations between exposure to television violence and aggression have been observed. They conclude with a discussion of the implications of this reformulation for the processes underlying media effects on aggressive behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)