Chapin, M. G. (1999). A comparison of violence exposure and perpetration in recruits and high school students. Military Medicine, 164(4), 264-268.

Abstract:  Compared the rates of violence exposure and perpetration from 2 groups of young adults. 782 male recruits (mean age 18.71 yrs) at US Army basic combat training were surveyed. Survey data from 3,700 adolescents (mean age 16 yrs) from inner-city and suburban schools were obtained from a study by M. I. Singer et al (1997) to assess levels of premilitary exposure to violence and levels of violence perpetration. Results show that there was a significant positive correlation between levels of violence exposure and levels of violence perpetration in both populations. Comparison of the 2 samples shows that levels of exposure and perpetration were nearly identical at lower levels of violence. For more severe forms of violence, the civilian high school sample had much greater exposure and perpetration levels than the sample of Army recruits. Perpetration of the most lethal forms of violence was 2.6 times greater for the civilian high school sample than for basic training recruits. Selection criteria used by the military to screen out individuals who have felony convictions may be the most likely explanation for this difference. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)