Botha, M. P., & Van Vuuren, D. P. (1993). Reactions of black and white children to TV violence in South Africa: 1987-1991. South African Journal of Psychology, 23 (2), 71-80.

Abstract:  Issues such as the reactions of Black and White adolescents to scenes of violence and interracial conflict in local TV broadcasts were investigated in a research project amongst 97 adolescents from 52 areas in Johannesburg and Pretoria. The correspondence between initial levels of aggression and perceptions regarding fictional and non-fictional program contents, as well as the differences between the perceptions of the Whites and Blacks regarding the program contents, were investigated. It seems that regarding the non-fictional portrayal of violence in the South African media, White adolescents are more desensitized than Black adolescents who live within these conditions every day. Black adolescents may enjoy fictional programs with physical violence more than White adolescents, but they experience more anxiety during exposure to non-fictional portrayals of events similar to the realities in the townships. They therefore tend to rate the level of violence depicted in news broadcasts higher than White adolescents. (Afrikaans abstract) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)