Bierman, D.J., & Scholte, H.S. (2002). A fMRI brain imaging study of presentiment. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 20 (2), 380-388.

Abstract: The present study examined the neural substrates of anticipation in conjunction with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Ten subjects were scanned while 48 pictures were presented. Each stimulus sequence started with the 4.2 sec presentation of a fixation point before and during which the anticipation was measured. After the exposure of the stimulus picture which lasted also 4.2 sec there was a period of 8.4 sec during which the subject was supposed to recover from the stimulus presentation. It is found that large parts of the visual cortex do show larger activity after emotional stimuli than after calm. Results suggest that, in spite of proper randomization, anticipatory activation preceding emotional stimuli is larger than the anticipatory activation preceding neutral stimuli. For the male subjects this appeared before the erotic stimuli while for the female both erotic and violent stimuli produced this anomalous effect. Possible normal explanations of this apparent anomaly, also called “presentiment”, are discussed. Exploratory results are presented dealing with differential effects in the responses to emotional stimuli and calm visual stimuli. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)