Barnett, M. A., Tertreault, P. A., & Masbad, I. (1987). Empathy with a rape victim: The role of similarity of experience. Violence and Victims, 2 (4), 255-262.

Abstract:  Replicated and extended the study by the 1st author and colleagues (see record 1987-25333-001) on similarity and empathy in the rape experience. 312 undergraduate women participated in the present study. 29 Ss who were identified as having been raped rated themselves as more empathic with, and more similar to, a rape victim presented on videotape than did 29 nonrape controls who had been matched on level of dispositional empathy. No difference was found between the 2 groups in their responses to a videotaped patient whose personal problems were unrelated to rape. Ss generally rated the rape victim as less emotionally stable than the patient whose personal problems were unrelated to rape. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)