Angelbuer, K. C. (1998). Effects of reducing television viewing on six-to-eight year-old boys’ aggressive and prosocial behavior. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Utah, 1998). Dissertation Abstracts International, 59 (6-B), 3087.
Abstract: The television (TV) watching, prosocial interaction, and aggression of 6- to 8-year-old boys were monitored during an 8-month period using a multiple-probe design with a baseline, intervention and temporal generalization phase. Subjects were selected who by mother’s report watched over 21 hr of television a week and had aggressive behaviors that were moderately problematic. The intervention consisted of an educational component, TV planning, an alternate activities menu, a behavioral contract, and a TV device. Data were collected over the phone and through 1-hr observation sessions in the subject’s home. It was expected that the subjects would reduce their viewing to 10 hr a week, would increase their prosocial interaction, and would display fewer aggressive behaviors. Subjects were able to reduce their viewing from an average of just under 30 hr a week during baseline to a little over 10 hr a week in the months following the intervention. Experimental control was demonstrated across subjects. The data concerning prosocial interactions were somewhat variable but revealed general increases in prosocial interaction after intervention. The aggressive data were also variable yet supported small decreases in aggressive behavior across most subjects. The role of reducing TV viewing and increasing prosocial interactions is discussed as a possible prevention for aggressive behavior. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)