Anderson, C.A., & Murphy, C.R. (2003). Violent video games and aggressive behavior in young women. Aggressive Behavior, 29 (5), 423-429.

Abstract: The increasing availability of violent video games and their implication in recent school shootings has raised the volume of public debate on the effects of such games on aggressive behavior and related variables. This article reports an experiment designed to test key hypotheses concerning the short term impact of exposure to violent video games on young women, a population that has received relatively little attention in this research literature. Results were that brief exposure to a violent video game increased aggressive behavior. Mediational analyses suggested that the violent video game effect on aggression was not mediated by instrumental aggressive motivation, but was partially mediated by revenge motivation. Other results suggested that the violent video game effect on aggression might be greater when the game player controls a same-sex violent game character. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved)(journal abstract)